Immuno Histo Chemistry – DNA Damage 160 Slides Kit

Stressmarq Biosciences

Picture: Shows Anti-DNA Damage stained (brown) colon tissue from mouse with colitis (paraffin-embedded). Shown at a 1:100,000 dilution of SKC-210 using the ABC method.


DNA or RNA damage is due to environmental factors and normal metabolic processes inside the cell, that then hinder the ability of the cell to carry out its functions. There are four main types of DNA due to endogenous cellular processes and they are oxidation, alkylation, hydrolysis and mismatch of the bases. During the oxidation of bases, highly reactive chemical entities collectively known as RONS, occurs. RONS stands for reactive oxygen and nitrogen species and includes nitric oxide, superoxide, hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide and peroxynitrite. Numerous studies have shown that RONS causes a variety of issues including DNA damage (1).

8-hydroxyguanine, 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanonsine and 8-hydroxyguanosine are all RNA and DNA markers of oxidative damage. 8-hydroxy-2′-guanosine is produced by reactive oxygen and nitrogen species including hydroxyl radical and peroxynitrite. Specifically its high biological relevance is due to its ability to induce G to T transversions, which is one of the most frequent somatic mutations (2). 8-hydroxy-guanine has been the most frequently studied type of DNA base damage, with studies in diabetes, and cancer. Base modifications of this type arise from radical-induced hydroxylation and cleavage reactions of the purine ring (3, 4). And finally, 8-hydroxy-guanosine, like 8-hydroxy-2′-guanosine, induces a mutagenic transversion of G to T in DNA. Its role has specifically been tested in the development of diabetes, hypertension and strokes (5-7).

DATA: Certified in Mouse and Human, other species not tested. For details on the species reactivities of the antibodies used, please see individual data sheets corresponding to the catalog numbers given on the kit components tab.


1. Kim H.W., Murakami A., Williams M.V., and Ohigashi H. (2003) Carcinogenesis 24(2): 235-241.

2. Pilger A. and Rudiger H.W. (2006) Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 80(1): 1-15.

3. Malins D.C. and Haimanot R. (1991) Cancer Res. 51(19): 5430-5432.

4. Kvam E. and Tyrrell R.M. (1997) Carcinogenesis 18(11): 2281-2283.

5. Kowluru R.A., Atasi L., and Ho Y.S. (2006) Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47(4): 1594-9.

6. Bowers R. et al. (2004) Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 169(6): 764-9.

7. Cui J., Holmes E.H., Greene T.G., and Liu P.K. (2000) Faseb J. 14(7): 955-67.

Kit Components (For Full Kit Cat No SKT-210RB):

SKC-210 Anti-DNA Damage Antibody (Special format of SMC-155, a mouse monoclonal) 50ul.

SKC-903 Amplifying IHC Wash Buffer (20X)  500ml.

SKC-905 Epitope Unmasking Solution (10X)  250ml.

SKC-902 Amplifying Antibody Dilution Buffer  500ml.

SKC-900 Antibody Amplifier (Basic Amplifer) 1(12wells).

SKC-901 Antibody Amplifier Eclipse for IF (Fluorescence Amplifer)  1(12wells).


Download datasheet

Immuno Histo Chemistry – DNA Damage                     160 Slides Kit
Shipping Standard

Buy now

£415.00 / €581.00 SKT-210X

£475.00 / €665.00 SKT-210RB

IHC Kit, fluorescence amplifer platform

£445.00 / €623.00 SKT-210B

IHC Kit, basic amplifer platform

£395.00 / €553.00 SKT-210R

All prices shown are exclusive of VAT